Chemistry Tuition

Annually, Professional Tutors Helps Over 30,000 Students Achieve Their Academic Goals

Since 2011, We Have Been The Consistent Leader In The Education Industry, Because Of The Quality Of Our Tutors

Our 5 co-founders are former senior teachers/HOD's from Singapore's top primary/secondary schools and junior college

Every year, the syllabus gets more difficult, and the exam requirements are increasingly more demanding. Competition to get into the good classes and universities is very intense. Stress levels are sometimes overwhelming, and parents are worried that their children will be left behind or excluded.

Professional Tutors has established a very strong reputation for our ability to attract the best and most successful tuition teachers in Singapore to be part of our team. Outstanding, high-quality and credible tutors make it possible for our students to receive the reliable and effective academic help that they need, in order to perform much better.

About 35% of our clients are MOE teachers and university lecturers. They trust what our tutors teach their own children. The proven expertise of our carefully-chosen star tutors makes it possible for students’ grades to improve between 10 to 30 marks in 2 semesters.

Our 33,000 Qualified Tutors Have 2 Clear Objectives:

                                                               1. Dependably And Systematically Prepare You For Your Next Test/Exam

                                                               2. Quickly And Competently Help You Score Maximum Grades For Each Exam Section 

Take Control Of Your Grades Today

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Hire Singapore's Most Successful Chemistry Tuition Teachers

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More Than 30,000 Satisfied Clients Every Year Since 2011

  • Students benefit from our experience, track record, and superior reputation
  • Within 12 hours, our 20+ resourceful tuition coordinators (all of them have graduated from NUS, NTU and SMU) ensure that you can easily choose and hire the ideal tutor that fits your criteria
  • 100% successful matches. Every time
  • No agency fees. You pay only for lessons conducted

Latest MOE Syllabus, And Exam Marking Scheme Requirements

Our experienced and committed tutors will help you:

  • Answer difficult exam questions
  • Correctly prepare for your homework/projects
  • Understand and revise every chapter
  • Learn ahead of the syllabus
  • Identify, avoid and prevent careless mistakes

Singapore's Largest Team of Qualified Tutors

  • Choose from MOE current/former teachers, experienced tuition teachers with PhD/Master’s/Bachelor’s, or who are proficient university undergraduates
  • Whether your dream is to start your own business, or to work for a prestigious MNC – the most important and useful immediate objective would be to receive the best academic guidance now, so that your grades can open many important doors for you
  • Annually, our tutors help over 30,000 students to achieve their academic goals

Proven Methods To Score Higher Grades

  • Our private tutors show you the important patterns and links in each chapter, and how to answer challenging application questions
  • We teach you why and how to focus on which of the most crucial aspects of textbook content 
  • You will learn correct answering techniques so that your responses are specific and never off-point 
  • Practice worksheets/past exams with an acknowledged expert, so that your mistakes can be quickly and patiently corrected

We Have The Education Industry's Most-Admired Tutor Database

  • Tutors know that we are very careful and highly selective during the matching process 
  • We do not accept under-performing tutors in our team/database
  • Professional Tutors therefore attracts tuition teachers who have already acquired and maintained an impressive track record of helping their students’ grades consistently and substantially improve 

Our 5 Co-Founders Collectively Have Over 7 Decades Of Experience In The Education Industry

  • Our Advisory Panel comprises former MOE school principals, subject Heads of Department, and senior teachers
  • This ensures that our tutors are firmly on track to teach the latest MOE syllabus, and are familiar with the exam requirements and marking schemes, as well as the requisite answering techniques

Take Control Of Your Chemistry Grades Today

33,000 Experienced Private Tutors
Current/Former MOE Teachers, Tutors With Proven Track Records, PhD/Master's/Post-Doctoral Tutors, Graduated/Undergraduate Dependable Tutors

Ms YA has 10 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Master’s in Materials Chemistry from NUS. Her Bachelor’s in Nanoscience Chemistry was from NUS (2nd Upper Class Honours). Ms YA wrote the Chemistry secondary school and junior college curriculum content for a group of tuition centres, where she taught for 7 years. Ms YA’s private tuition students attended CHIJ St Theresa’s Convent, Catholic High School, Yusof Ishak Secondary School, Raffles Institution (Secondary) Integrated Programme, Jurong Pioneer Junior College, and St Andrew’s Junior College.

Mr TPE has 7 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering from NTU (Honours). Mr TPE taught at a leading tuition centre for 2 years. His home tuition students attended Tanglin Secondary School, Bowen Secondary School, Methodist Girls’ School (Secondary), Temasek Junior College, Yishun Innova Junior College, and Victoria Junior College.

Mr HC has 9 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He was a Post-doctoral Fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). His PhD in Chemistry was from MIT, and his Bachelor’s in Medicinal Chemistry was from NUS (First Class Honours). Mr HC’s private tuition students attended River Valley High School Integrated Programme, Paya Lebar Methodist Girls’ School (Secondary), Nanyang Girls’ High School Integrated Programme, Anglo-Chinese Junior College, Victoria Junior College, and Dunman High School.

Ms LH has 6 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering from NTU. Ms LH taught at a tuition centre for 3 years. Her private tuition students attended Tampines Secondary School, Anglo-Chinese School (Independent), Zhenghua Secondary School, Anderson Serangoon Junior College, National Junior College, and Tampines Meridian Junior College.

Ms YMC has 8 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She is NIE-trained and taught at MOE schools for 7 years. Ms YMC’s Bachelor’s in Chemistry was from NUS (Honours). Her private tuition students attended St Andrew’s Secondary School, Loyang View Secondary School, Sembawang Secondary School, Nanyang Girls’ High School Integrated Programme, Naval Base Secondary School, and Victoria School.

Mr RKS has 14 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a PhD in Chemistry from Oxford University. Mr RKS’s Bachelor’s in Analytical Chemistry was from NUS (First Class Honours). Mr RKS’s private tuition students attended St Joseph’s Institution, Singapore Chinese Girls’ Secondary School Integrated Programme, NUS High School of Mathematics and Science, National Junior College, Eunoia Junior College, and Hwa Chong Institution.

Hire The Best Chemistry Experts To Help You Succeed

A Committed And Skillful Chemistry Home Tutor Can Make An Important Difference In How You Understand The Curriculum And Therefore Achieve Gains Of 10 to 30 Marks Within 2 Semesters

Mr CTY has 7 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He is NIE-trained, and taught at MOE schools for 11 years. Mr CTY has a Bachelor’s in Environment and Energy Chemistry from NUS. His private tuition students attended Westwood Secondary School, Springfield Secondary School, Nan Chiau High School, St Anthony’s Canossian Secondary School, Paya Lebar Methodist Girls’ School (Secondary), and Ngee Ann Secondary School.

Ms AW has 12 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Master’s in Chemistry from NUS. Her Bachelor’s in Biochemical Engineering was from NTU (2nd Upper Class Honours). Ms AW was Head of Science at a group of tuition centres, where she taught for 8 years. Ms AW’s home tuition students attended Chua Chu Kang Secondary School, Fuchun Secondary School, Hai Sing Catholic School, Methodist Girls’ School (Secondary) IB programme, Dunman High School, and Tampines Meridian Junior College.

Mr FHS has 5 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s in Chemistry from NTU. Mr FHS was an MOE contract teacher for 2 years. Mr FHS’s private tuition students attended Christ Church Secondary School, Kuo Chuan Presbyterian Secondary School, Singapore Chinese Girls’ School, Anglo-Chinese Junior College, Nanyang Junior College, and River Valley High School.

Ms NN has 9 years of Chemistry tuition. She has a Bachelor’s in Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering from NTU (2nd Upper Class Honours). Ms NN was an MOE contract teacher for 3 years. Her home tuition students attended CHIJ Secondary (Toa Payoh), Fairfield Methodist School (Secondary), Riverside Secondary School, Tampines Meridian Junior College, St Joseph’s Institution, and Nanyang Junior College.

Mr THZ has 5 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s in Chemistry from NUS. Mr THZ taught at a tuition centre for 1 year. His private tuition students attended Queensway Secondary School, Tanjong Katong Girls’ School, Cedar Girls’ Secondary School Integrated Programme, Temasek Junior College, Anderson Serangoon Junior College, and Catholic Junior College.

Ms SSE has 7 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She is NIE-trained, and taught at junior colleges for 7 years. Ms SSE has a Bachelor’s in Chemistry and Biological Chemistry from NTU (Honours). Her private tuition students attended Yishun Innova Junior College, National Junior College, Hwa Chong Institution, Anderson Serangoon Junior College, Catholic Junior College, and River Valley High School.

Mr DT has 15 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He is NIE-trained, and taught at a junior college for 6 years. Mr DT has a Bachelor’s in Chemistry from NUS (Honours). His private tuition students attended River Valley High School, Yishun Innova Junior College, Eunoia Junior College, Anderson Serangoon Junior College, Victoria Junior College, and National Junior College.

Ms WCP has 9 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering, and taught at a tuition centre for 2 years. Ms WCP’s private tuition students attended CHIJ St Nicholas Girls’ School, Yishun Secondary School, Swiss Cottage Secondary School, Anderson Serangoon Junior College, St Andrew’s Junior College, and Victoria Junior College.

Ms SW has 8 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Master’s in Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering from NTU. Her Bachelor’s in Chemistry was from NTU (2nd Upper Class Honours). Ms SW was an MOE contract teacher for 2 years. Her home tuition students attended Juying Secondary School, Deyi Secondary School, Raffles Girls’ School (Secondary) Integrated Programme, Singapore Chinese Girls’ Secondary School Integrated Programme, Eunoia Junior College, and Hwa Chong Institution.

Ms EY has 8 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering from NTU. Ms EY was an MOE contract teacher for 2 years and taught at tuition centres for 5 years. Ms EY’s home tuition students attended Fuchun Secondary School, Naval Base Secondary School, CHIJ St Nicholas Girls’ School, Anglo-Chinese Junior College, Jurong Pioneer Junior College, and Victoria Junior College.

Ms HGT has 13 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Master’s in Chemistry from Northwestern University. Her Bachelor’s in Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering was from NTU (First Class Honours). Ms HGT was an MOE contract teacher for 2 years and taught at leading tuition centres for 9 years. Ms HGT’s private tuition students attended St Gabriel’s Secondary School, Victoria School Integrated Programme, Hai Sing Catholic School, Anglo-Chinese Junior College, National Junior College, and Raffles Institution.

Mr CSW has 9 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a PhD in Chemistry from Imperial College London. Mr CSW’s Bachelor’s in Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering was from NUS (First Class Honours). Mr CSW taught at tuition centres for 7 years. His private tuition students attended Crescent Girls’ School, Bowen Secondary School, Anglo-Chinese School (Barker Road), Hwa Chong Institution, Raffles Institution, and National Junior College.

Mr JY has 10 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s in Chemistry from NTU. Mr JY was an MOE contract teacher for 2 years, and taught at tuition centres for 5 years. Mr JY’s home tuition students attended Serangoon Garden Secondary School, New Town Secondary School, Catholic High School, Eunoia Junior College, Catholic Junior College, and Raffles Institution.

Mr KSL has 8 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s in Biomedical Engineering from NTU (Honours). Mr KSL’s private tuition students attended Bartley Secondary School, Cedar Girls’ Secondary School, Evergreen Secondary School, St Andrew’s Junior College, River Valley High School, and Yishun Innova Junior College.

Ms WT has 6 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a PhD in Chemistry from Princeton University. Ms WT’s Bachelor’s in Materials Chemistry was from NUS (First Class Honours). Her private tuition students attended Singapore Chinese Girls’ School. Raffles Girls’ School (Secondary) Integrated Programme, Montfort Secondary School, National Junior College, Hwa Chong Institution, and Dunman High School.

Ms PHL has 15 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Bachelor’s in Chemistry from NUS. Ms PHL’s private tuition students attended Kent Ridge Secondary School, Gan Eng Seng School, River Valley High School Integrated Programme, Nanyang Junior College, Anglo-Chinese Junior College, and St Andrew’s Junior College.

Ms CYE has 6 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She is NIE-trained and taught at MOE schools for 6 years. Ms CYE has a Bachelor’s in Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering from NTU (2nd Upper Class Honours). Her private tuition students attended Maris Stella High School, CHIJ St Joseph’s Convent, Peicai Secondary School, Northland Secondary School, Marsiling Secondary School, and Jurong West Secondary School.

Mr GN has 7 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Master’s in Biomolecular and Biomedical Sciences from NUS. His Bachelor’s in Chemistry was from Princeton University. Mr GN’s private tuition students attended Dunman High School Integrated Programme, Maris Stella High School, Nanyang Girls’ High School Integrated Programme, Raffles Girls’ School (Secondary) Integrated Programme, St Gabriel’s Secondary School, and Victoria School Integrated Programme.

Mr CCT has 4 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s in Chemistry from NUS. Mr CCT’s private tuition students attended Paya Lebar Methodist Girls’ School (Secondary), Bedok South Secondary School, Commonwealth Secondary School, Guangyang Secondary School, Loyang View Secondary School, and Anglo-Chinese Junior College.

Ms JO has 5 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering from NTU (2nd Upper Class Honours). Ms JO was an MOE contract teacher for 2 years and taught at tuition centres for 7 years. Ms JO’s private tuition students attended Ping Yi Secondary School, Unity Secondary School, CHIJ St Nicholas Girls’ School, Anderson Serangoon Junior College, Dunman High School, and National Junior College.

Mr SKW has 13 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s in Chemistry and Biological Chemistry from NTU (Honours). Mr SKW’s private tuition students attended CHIJ St Nicholas Girls’ School Integrated Programme, Holy Innocents’ High School, Yuhua Secondary School, Catholic Junior College, St Joseph’s Institution, and Victoria Junior College.

Ms PN has 12 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She was Head of Science at a group of leading tuition centres where she taught for 6 years. Ms PN has a Bachelor’s in Biochemistry from NUS (First Class Honours). Her private tuition students attended Yuan Ching Secondary School, Anglo-Chinese School (Independent), St Margaret’s Secondary School, Tampines Meridian Junior College, Hwa Chong Institution, and Eunoia Junior College.

Mr SWK has 3 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s in Biomedical Engineering from NTU. His home tuition students attended Bowen Secondary School, Clementi Town Secondary School, Crescent Girls’ School, Dunman High School, Anderson Serangoon Junior College, and St Andrew’s Junior College.

Ms LC has 4 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Master’s in Biomolecular and Biomedical Sciences from NUS. Her Bachelor’s in Medicinal Chemistry was from NUS (2nd Upper Class Honours). Ms LC’s home tuition students attended St Anthony’s Canossian Secondary School, River Valley High School Integrated Programme, Anglican High School, Eunoia Junior College, Tampines Meridian Junior College, and Jurong Pioneer Junior College.

Ms WT has 6 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She is NIE-trained, and taught at MOE schools for 12 years. Ms WT’s Bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering was from NTU (2nd Upper Class Honours). Ms WT’s private tuition students attended Jurongville Secondary School, Damai Secondary School, CHIJ St Theresa’s Convent, Kuo Chuan Presbyterian Secondary School, NUS High School of Mathematics and Science, and Singapore Chinese Girls’ Secondary School Integrated Programme.

Ms CCR has 13 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Bachelor’s in Biochemical Engineering from NTU. Ms CCR taught at a tuition centre for 4 years. Her private tuition students attended St Hilda’s Secondary School, Meridian Secondary School, Hougang Secondary School, Nanyang Junior College, Temasek Junior College, and Eunoia Junior College.

Mr GHG has 10 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Master’s in Chemistry from the California Institute of Technology. Mr GHG’s Bachelor’s in Materials Chemistry was from NUS (First Class Honours). His home tuition students attended CHIJ St Nicholas Girls’ School, Catholic High School, Anglo-Chinese School (Barker Road), Hwa Chong Institution, Raffles Institution, and National Junior College.

Ms OKH has 17 years of Chemistry tutoring experience. She was an MOE contract teacher for 2 years. Ms OKH has a PhD in Applied Chemistry from NUS. Her Bachelor’s in Chemistry was from NUS (First Class Honours). Ms OKH’s private tuition students attended NUS High School of Mathematics and Science, Singapore Chinese Girls’ Secondary School, St Joseph’s Institution, Victoria Junior College, Raffles Institution, and Hwa Chong Institution.

Ms CF has 4 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Master’s in Chemical Engineering Sciences from NUS, and a Bachelor’s in Analytical Chemistry from NUS (2nd Upper Class Honours). Ms CF’s private tuition students attended St Andrew’s Secondary School, Victoria School, Dunman High School Integrated Programme, National Junior College, Eunoia Junior College, and Anglo-Chinese Junior College.

Mr WST has 7 years of Chemistry tuition  experience. He has a Bachelor’s in Materials Chemistry from NUS (2nd Upper Class Honours). Mr WST taught at a leading tuition centre for 2 years. His private tuition students attended Raffles Girls’ School (Secondary), Ngee Ann Secondary School, Methodist Girls’ School (Secondary), Anglo-Chinese Junior College, Temasek Junior College, and Victoria Junior College.

Ms MT has 8 years of Chemistry tutoring experience. She was an MOE contract teacher for 2 years. Ms MT has a PhD in Applied Chemistry from NUS. Her Bachelor’s in Chemistry was from NUS (First Class Honours). Ms MT’s private tuition students attended NUS High School of Mathematics and Science, Singapore Chinese Girls’ Secondary School, St Joseph’s Institution, Victoria Junior College, Raffles Institution, and Hwa Chong Institution.

Ms RM has 13 years Chemistry tuition experience. She has a PhD in Chemistry from NTU, and a Bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering from NTU (First Class Honours). Ms RM’s home tuition students attended Nan Hua High School, Tanjong Katong Girls’ School, Anglo-Chinese School (Barker Road), Eunoia Junior College, National Junior College, and Victoria Junior.College 

 

Mr KPY has 7 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He taught at an MOE school for 5 years and is NIE-trained. Mr KPY has a Bachelor’s from NUS, majoring in Chemistry (Honours). His private tuition students attended Swiss Cottage Secondary School, CHIJ St Nicholas Girls’ School Integrated Programme, Hwa Chong Institution Integrated Programme, NUS High School of Mathematics and Science, Singapore Chinese Girls’ Secondary School Integrated Programme, and Nanyang Girls’ High School.

Every Year, We Help Over 30,000 Students Achieve Their Academic Goals

Your Chemistry Tuition Teacher Will Clearly Explain To You:

  • Scarcity as the Central Economic Problem
  • Scarcity, choice and resource allocation
  • Concept of scarcity and the inevitability of choices by economic agents (consumers, producers and governments)
  • Concept of opportunity cost and the nature of trade-offs in the allocation of resources
  • Understanding objectives of economic agents
  • Positive and normative economics
  • Solid-solid
  • Solid-liquid
  • Liquid-liquid (miscible and immiscible)
  • Paper chromatograms including comparison with ‘known’ samples and the use of Rf values
  • Use locating agents in the chromatography of colourless compounds
  • Melting point and boiling point data the identities of substances and their purity
  • Kinetic particle theory
  • Atomic structure
  • Structure and properties of materials
  • Ionic bonding
  • Covalent bonding
  • Metallic bonding
  • The relative charges and approximate relative masses of a proton, a neutron and an electron
  • The structure of an atom as containing protons and neutrons (nucleons) in the nucleus and electrons arranged in shells (energy levels)
  • Proton (atomic) number and nucleon (mass) number
  • Isotopes
  • The numbers of protons, neutrons and electrons in atoms and ions given proton and nucleon numbers
  • Formation of a covalent bond by the sharing of a pair of electrons in order to gain the electronic configuration of a noble gas
  • The arrangement of electrons in other covalent molecules
  • The physical properties (including electrical property) of covalent substances to their structure and bonding
  • Metals as a lattice of positive ions in a ‘sea of electrons’
  • Electrical conductivity of metals to the mobility of the electrons in the structure
  • Cations: linked to the reactivity series
  • Anions: halides, hydroxides and sulfates (e.g. aqueous copper(II) sulfate and dilute sodium chloride solution (as essentially the electrolysis of water))
  • Concentration effects (as in the electrolysis of concentrated and dilute aqueous sodium chloride)
  • Electrolysis of aqueous copper(II) sulfate with copper electrodes as a means of purifying copper
  • The electroplating of metals, e.g. copper plating
  • Enthalpy change in terms of exothermic (∆H negative) and endothermic (∆H positive) reactions
  • Energy changes by energy profile diagrams, including reaction enthalpy changes and activation energies
  • Bond breaking as an endothermic process and bond making as an exothermic process
  • Overall enthalpy changes in terms of the energy changes associated with the breaking and making of covalent bonds
  • Hydrogen, derived from water or hydrocarbons, as a potential fuel, reacting with oxygen to generate electricity directly in a fuel cell
  • Effect of concentration, pressure, particle size and temperature on the speeds of reactions and explain these effects in terms of collisions between reacting particles
  • The term catalyst and describe the effect of catalysts (including enzymes) on the speeds of reactions
  • Pathways with lower activation energies account for the increase in speeds of reactions
  • Formation of amines as exemplified by ethylamine (through amide and nitrile reduction
  • Basicity of primary, secondary and tertiary amines in the gaseous phase (interpret as Lewis bases)
  • Relative basicities of ammonia, ethylamine and phenylamine in aqueous medium
  • Reaction of phenylamine with aqueous bromine
  • Delocalisation of the lone pair of electrons on nitrogen
  • Hydrolysis on treatment with aqueous alkali or acid
  • Reduction to amines with lithium aluminium hydride
  • Acid/base properties of amino acids and the formation of zwitterions
  • Predict qualitatively how the value of an electrode potential varies with the concentration of the aqueous ion
  • Predict the identity of the substance liberated during electrolysis from the state of electrolyte (molten or aqueous), position in the redox series (electrode potential) and concentration
  • Transition element, in terms of d block elements forming one or more stable ions with partially filled d subshells
  • Electronic configuration of a first row transition element and its ions
  • Atomic radii and first ionisation energies of the transition elements are relatively invariant
  • Contrast, qualitatively, the melting point and density of the transition elements with those of calcium as a typical s block element
  • Tendency of transition elements to have variable oxidation states
  • From a given electronic configuration, the likely oxidation states of a transition element
  • Ligand and complex as exemplified by the complexes of copper(II) ions with water, ammonia and chloride ions as ligands
  • Energy levels in octahedral complexes
  • Use calculators to evaluate logarithms, squares, square roots, and reciprocals
  • Estimate orders of magnitude
  • Determine and interpret the slope and intercept of a linear graph
  • Choose by inspection a straight line that will serve as the ‘least bad’ linear model for a set of data presented graphically
  • Understand (i) the slope of a tangent to a curve as a measure of rate of change, (ii) the ‘area’ below a curve
  • where the area has physical significance, e.g. Boltzmann distribution curves
  • Comprehend how to handle numerical work so that significant figures are neither lost unnecessarily nor used beyond what is justified
  • Alkanes (exemplified by ethane)
  • Free-radical substitution reactions
  • Alkenes (exemplified by ethene)
  • Electrophilic addition, including Markovnikov’s rule
  • Reduction and oxidation reactions
  • Arenes (exemplified by benzene and methylbenzene)
  • Influence of delocalised π electrons on structure and properties
  • Electrophilic substitution reactions
  • Oxidation of side-chain
  • Hydrocarbons as fuels
  • General unreactivity of alkanes, including towards polar reagents
  • Chemistry of alkanes as exemplified by the following reactions of ethane
  • Combustion
  • Free-radical substitution by chlorine and by bromine
  • Free-radical substitution with particular reference to the initiation,
  • propagation and termination reactions
  • General reactivity of alkenes towards electrophilic reagents/electrophiles
  • Chemistry of alkenes
  • Electrophilic addition of water/steam, hydrogen halides and halogens
  • Reduction via catalytic hydrogenation (catalytic addition of hydrogen)
  • Oxidation by cold, alkaline solution of manganate(VII) ions to form the diol
  • Oxidation by hot, acidified solution of manganate(VII) ions leading to the rupture of the carbon-to-carbon double bond in order to determine the position of alkene linkages in larger molecules
  • Markovnikov’s rule, hydrogen halides to unsymmetrical alkenes, composition of products, stability of carbocation intermediates
  • Delocalisation of π electrons, the difference between benzene and alkene:
  • Reactivity towards electrophiles
  • Preference of benzene to undergo substitution rather than addition reaction
  • Chemistry of the benzene ring as exemplified by the following reactions of benzene and methylbenzene
  • Electrophilic substitution reactions with chlorine and with bromine
  • The use of Lewis acid as catalysts
  • Nitration with concentrated nitric acid
  • Friedel-Crafts alkylation with halogenoalkanes
  • Mechanism of electrophilic substitution in arenes, using the mono-bromination of benzene
  • Delocalisation of electrons in arenes in such reactions
  • Chemistry of the alkyl side-chain of benzene ring as exemplified by the following reactions of methylbenzene
  • Free-radical substitution by chlorine and by bromine
  • Complete oxidation to give benzoic acid
  • Predict whether halogenation will occur in the side-chain or aromatic nucleus in arenes depending on reaction conditions
  • Positions of substitution in the electrophilic substitution reactions of monosubstituted arenes
  • Carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen and unburnt hydrocarbons arising from the internal combustion engine and of their catalytic removal
  • Gases that contribute to the enhanced greenhouse effect
  • Petroleum is a finite resource and the importance of recycling
  • Halogenoalkanes
  • Nucleophilic substitution
  • Relative strength of the C-Hal bond
  • Unreactivity of halogenoarenes
  • Chemistry of halogenoalkanes
  • Nucleophilic substitution reactions of bromoethane: hydrolysis; formation of nitriles; formation of primary amines by reaction with ammonia
  • Elimination of hydrogen bromide from 2-bromopropane

Hire The Correct Tuition Teacher So That You Are Battle-Ready When You Read The Chemistry Exam Questions